Sunday, 30 September 2018

What throws out women from the work-force: The unseen curse of transfer-posting harassment at workplaces

The discussion is gigantic yet unseen due to the environment of job and their workplaces. Despite comprising a very high percentage the total workforce, the requirements of a secure working situation for those working women in the informal and formal workforce remains insecure due to the transfer-posting system. This is not only invisible in the discussion on the working environment but also fail to get the normal public notice. The harassment due to the frequency of transfer-posting of women employees in workplaces such as banks, teachings, IT sector, government offices, projects, hospitals, security and defence services etc. go unnoticed.
Nobody treats this menace as harassment. But this harassment is not only physical and emotional but it breaks and divides the families. They have to live alone, far away from their families. Women are, however, the sustenance of our society, families and civilization. Difficult to have legal recourses and fearing official humiliation and harassment, they just surrender to the might of the indignity of the system. 
A study conducted by a reputed organization found that the women living alone are the most vulnerable women to workplace harassment and social harassment. Some of the important grounds stated by the women employees for not reporting or not taking any action against this type of harassment were fear of losing job, absence of any competent and honest redressal mechanism, absence of any impartial complaints and grievance redressal mechanism at the place of work, fear of getting targeted by the authorities and expensive and exhaustive redressal mechanism.
This uninformed and unseen harassment and injustice most likely work as one of the big grounds for the dilapidated female workforce in our country. A large number of women employees either forego the promotions or quit the job due to the repressive transfer-posting system. Service conditions in the banking sector are the very apt example of this type of harassment. This is reducing the number of working women. It depresses and dampens the strength and future of half of India’s population to have a say to the economy and development.
There are many mechanisms to redress the sexual harassment, like the Vishaka Guidelines and followed by, the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013, which were positively ground-breaking steps in addressing the problem but there is none to stop the harassment due to the transfer-posting system. This is also a very malicious harassment. This type of harassment can be seen in the government sector, in the private sector, organised and unorganised sectors. There is an urgent need to stop the transfer-postings of women employees, away from their families.
Generally, there are many Internal Complaints Committees (ICC) but none works to redress this harassment of Indian workforce to make it gender and families just. This is the duty os the government to set up a ‘Local Complaints Committee’ under the Act to ensure that women employees are posted with their families and to investigate and redress complaints of harassment due to transfers.  But so far, however, the government have failed in this direction and posting women workers with their families.
In a big country like India, there is an urgent need to address this issue. The first and primary work is to ensure, an effective existence of LCCs in all the departments ensured with quick and efficient functioning. For this principle, women officers, magistrates and NGOs must conduct surveys of different offices and types of work that women in their offices are involved in, and ensure the transfer at the place of their choice, so that they can work and live safe and secure.
For diverse groups of employees, the duty of running LCCs should be given to honest female officers or women employee organizations. The Ministry of Women and Child Development should start a movement to achieve this in a time bound approach. Radio and TV advertisements about the need and law should extensively publicise this issue to create an awareness and fear among the authorities. Just as announcements about ICCs are compulsory to be put up in workplaces, LCCs must also be advertised and publicised in all areas of female employment including offices, ministries, media and markets.
It is the responsibility of the government and the authorities to ensure the protection and safety to the most vulnerable and needy. If a woman employee is transferred and posted away from her family it is not only her harassment but harassment os entire family. This harassment at workplaces should be incorporated in all deliberations and discussions.
If we want to do away with this official menace from our nation, we will have to deal with the origin of the issue, which is mostly in evidence. What nation has been discussing the issue of sexual harassment is just a lesser part of the other larger problems. With 1005 of the country’s female workforce in all the sectors face this harassment. We should start to redress this issue for the welfare of the women employees, department and the families. The system should not break and divide the families.

Saturday, 22 September 2018

Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela

Every man has two sides. But due to the manipulative skills seamy side of such politician and statesman hide into the background. In India too there is a mad competition going on to show love for Nelson Mandela and ignorant and sycophants are wrongly comparing him with Mahatma Gandhi.

Indians have the sick tendency to compare big names with extraordinary names, like Sachin Tendulkar as Bhagwan or superior to Sir Don Breadman, Shahrukh Khan as King Khan, Sania Mirza as Sansani or sensation, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam as Missile Man of India.  Similarly even dead are being made as Supermen like Ambedkar, Periyar, Annadurai, Phule, Nehru etc..

Now after the death of Nelson Mandela same drama is going on in comparing Mandela with Mahatma Gandhi. Reality is this there is no similarity between Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela.  There is hardly any parallel between the two greats.

1-Mahatma Gandhi was 100% loyal, true and committed to non-violence. There is not a single example of violence in Gandhi's life but the early life of Nelson Mandela was full of violence, killing, arson, crime, rioting, terrorism and what not. Mahatma Gandhi used Satyagraha as a weapon to get his demand met but Mandela used violence. Mahatma Gandhi wrote,"….and equally anxious to devote the maximum of time to the Satyagraha struggle and fit me, for it by cultivating purity".
M.K.Gandhi, ‘An Autobiography', Navjivan Publishing House, Ahmedabad-14, Ch-XXVII, p-236.)

2-Similarly in Mahatma Gandhi's life, there was no sign of hate, racism and apartheid whereas Nelson Mandela's life was full of hate for white minorities and non-Africans. Even during his regime white minorities and non-Africans were brutally oppressed whereas Mahatma Gandhi gave special status to Muslims and minorities even he was instrumental in giving more special rights and powers to minorities than majority Hindus.

3-Personal life was Mahatma Gandhi was very clean and he renounced power and everything but Nelson Mandela was charged for corrupt practices too when he was the President of South Africa. He ruled like an aristocrat, no common touch, no self-discipline,no humility. Mahatma Gandhi himself said," The extreme forms in which my passion for self-help and simplicity expressed itself will be described in their proper place."
M.K.Gandhi, ‘An Autobiography', Navjivan Publishing House, Ahmedabad-14, Ch-IX, p-154)

4-Similarly Mahatma Gandhi had only one wife and during last four decades of his life, he was an honest Brahmachari or practised celibacy but Nelson Mandela had three legal marriages and many relationships out of wedlock like Mughal rulers. Mahatma Gandhi himself wrote," I was anxious to observe Brahmacharya in thought, word and deed…"
M.K.Gandhi, ‘An Autobiography', Navjivan Publishing House, Ahmedabad-14, Ch-XXVII, p-236.)

5- Nelson Mandela was very fond of drinking and non-vegetarian food whereas Mahatma Gandhi was totally vegetarian and no place for modern voluptuous life. Fast was the most favourite weapon for Gandhi. ," Yet in spite of my knowledge that my fast was bound to put pressure upon them, as in fact, it did, I Felt  I could not help it. The duty to undertake, it seemed to me to be clear."
M.K.Gandhi, ‘An Autobiography', Navjivan Publishing House, Ahmedabad-14, Ch-XXII, p-318.)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6- Mahatma Gandhi used jail as a place for self-study, penance etc., but for Nelson, Mandela jail was a place for enjoyment. In jail, he used to demand branded oils and perfumes and special drinks and meals.

7-Mahatma Gandhi never aspired for anything. He renounced power completely but Nelson Mandela was a power-hungry man and he used the entire tricks to come and retain power.

8- Mahatma Gandhi had no personal property when he died but Nelson Mandela amassed huge property and remained in possession till his death and left it to his siblings to fight for his wealth and property. 

9- Nelson Mandela was an opportunistic leader.  When he was the president of South Africa, he never supported Indian foreign policy but Mahatma Gandhi never changed his philosophies and shifted side. Throughout his life, South Africa remained second home to him. Mahatma Gandhi himself said," And yet they received me as though we had been age-long friends. It is no exaggeration but the literal truth to say that in this meeting with the peasants, I was face to face with God, Ahimsa and truth.". M.K.Gandhi, ‘An Autobiography', Navjivan Publishing House, Ahmedabad-14, Ch-XIV, p-302)

Such commitment and loyalty were nowhere to be seen in the life of Nelson Mandela.  

10-Nelson Mandela even got training from Israel's famous Mossad in guerrilla warfare, combat training, weaponry and sabotage training etc.. Mandela also used this training in his goal against Britishers and whites which resulted in a massive bloodbath. On the contrary, Mahatma Gandhi was miles away from such type of violent and insurgent activities. ( The Times of India, New Delhi, India; Tuesday, December 23, 2013, p-20.)

So, in the end, I want to say that by comparing Mahatma Gandhi with Nelson Mandela we are doing great injustice to our great Mahatma Gandhi and lowering his dignity and status. Mahatma Gandhi was a great human being and almost incapable of mistakes or he was a real saint. Mahatma Gandhi was a true Mahatma but Nelson Mandalay can be treated a fake Mahatma If we compare him with our Indian Mahatma of Sabarmati.


The term, "enlightenment" had been used by some philosopher and artist in the 18th century in Europe and America. It started out of the renaissance age and continued until the beginning of the 19th century. People of this enlightenment era were convinced that they were emerging out, from centuries of darkness and ignorance into a new dawn, enlightened by reason, science, love and respect for humanity. Among the philosophical-rationalist, two prominent names Descartes and Spinoza can be included and among the political philosophers Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Marx can be included in this category. Due to the discoveries in the field of science of natural laws, self-confidence also increased in the society, which was also an equally important feature. For example, Newton discovered the Law of Gravity and Galileo discovered the movement of planets, the moons and the stars. This newfound knowledge destroyed the fanatic and blind world of knowledge built by ignorant armies of religious preachers.

However, Hindus used and preached enlightened thousands of years ago in the form of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam (Sanskrit: vasudhaiva kutumbakam. From "vasudh?” the earth; "? “va" = indeed is; and "kutumbakam", family ;) is a Sanskrit phrase that is often cited to assert that the whole world is one single family. The earliest reference to this phrase is found in the Hitopadesha, a collection of parables and is part of all the Hindu philosophies

Enlightenment was more than a set of fixed ideas. It is an attitude, a method of thought also. It was a desire to re-examine and questioned all popular ideas and values and to explore new ideas for the welfare of humankind. Thinkers and intellectuals related to the notion of enlightenment and considered reason to be the most common source. It influenced the thinking of the common person, but most of them believed that the average persons' reason has been influenced or rather corrupted by the environmental influence and especially by the un-necessary influence and involvement of the church and other western religions, in the day-to-day life. Churches were considered the most corrupting of influences and held responsible by them that transcends and corrupts reason.

However, Hindus have a different message for humanity:

aya? bandhuraya? n?ti ga?an? laghuc?tas?m |
ud?racarit?n?m tu vasudhaiva ku?umbakam ||

Discrimination proverb "this one is a relative; this other one is a stranger" is for the mean-minded. For those who are known as magnanimous, the entire world constitutes but a family.
The above verse is also found V.3.37 of Panchatantra (3rd century BCE), and in the 1.3.71 of Hitopadesha - (12th century CE).

The account is not just about tranquility and concord among the civilization in the world, but also about a reality that someway the whole humankind has to live together as a family. This is the rationale behind the believe of Hindus that any power in the world, big or small cannot have its individual way, rejecting others.
The enlightened were those thinkers and intellectuals who had escaped religious influence- and those who had escaped the biased and prejudiced judgments of religion. It was only by the exercise of reason that the damaged caused by religion can be undone and one can discover or uncover the true nature that lies waiting to be revealed beneath the layer of prejudices and preferences. Although the thinkers and intellectuals who believed in enlightenment were successful in convincing the people that the church was the principal institution which has enslaved and ruined them, religious preachers, themselves fail to renounce the religion altogether fearing reprisal and losing of benefits. The shift was not from faith to non-belief but from faith to deism. Deists believed that the power who had created the universe, allowed it to function as a clock without divine intervention. Deists believed that human achievements and happiness should be aimed at this life only itself and not at the unknown life to come in future.

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam is a philosophy that nurtures and promotes an understanding that the whole world is one family. This philosophy tries to cultivate an understanding that the whole of humanity is one family. It is a Hindu philosophy, emanating from a spiritual understanding that the whole of humanity is made of one life energy. If, the Paramatma (God) is one how an Atma (Soul) can be different? If Atma is different, how can it ultimately be dissolved in the Parmatma? It is a Sanskrit phrase, spread, and adopted by Hindus, meaning that the whole earth is one family.

As mentioned earlier, the first word is made up of three Sanskrit words - Vasudha, Eva and Kutumbakam. Vasudha means the earth, Eva means emphasizing and Kutumbakam means a family. It means that the whole earth is just one family. The concept of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam originates from Hitopadesha. Hindu writers and scholars like Jaidev, Chanakya, Manu, Maharshi Ved Vyas, Goswami Tulsidas, etc., can be kept in this category.

The wave of changes that swept Europe also influenced the religion. The supremacy, power and prestige of the church and the Pope were also questioned and challenged. People no longer believed in God's blessings in human affairs. Prior to the enlightenment principle and before the discovery of natural laws, people believed that event and thing that happened on this earth was the direct blessings of God. However, when scientists and scholars like Marx, Charles Darwin etc., established that it was not God but nature itself caused changes, man's faith in God, declined and religious obligations were no longer the important concern of the people. People who believed in the enlightenment focused only on man instead of paying any attention to God and the Church. Famous poet Alexander Pope wrote a beautiful couplet on the changing attitude of man, "Know then thyself presume not God to scan."

Marx believed that with the faith in enlightenment and increased and changing knowledge would increase man's production powers. Even machines were not merely tools of production but a powerful idea spreading enlightenment that could transform the nature and defeat scarcity. Marx and enlightenment thinkers supported the democratization of knowledge and importance of the spread of knowledge for the forward movement and growth of society. Knowledge should be used to wipe out ignorance and abolishing the division in the society. The spread of knowledge should encourage, creating a deep-seated democracy, in which everyone has an equal share of political and economic rights.

"What may have pleased him a lot is that over three-fifths of his recommendations in The Communist Manifesto are already in place in most actually existing democracies. Progressive income tax, national central banks, state-run communication services, cultivating waste lands, right to work, eradicating town and country differences, providing free education and, finally, banning child labour comprise the bulk of "communist" policies advocated in the Manifesto. Are we all then Marxists, at least three fifths?

(‘We are all Marxists: Liberal Democrats have understood The Communist Manifesto better than communists’, Dipankar Gupta, Times of India, Edit Page, India, June 16, 2018, 2:00 am IST.TOI)

In the works of Karl Marx, some basics of enlightenment, self-realization, modernity, humanity maturity of mind through motivation and struggle towards freedom can be seen. He saw capitalism as an evil system that exploits and repress labour for individual profit and denial to man basic and human rights from a productive force through the individual control and ownership of means. He further assumed that the bourgeois class and capitalism were a step necessary in the movement for man's self-realization toward communism. The conflict between the social and economic formation of capitalism helps the enlightenment belief of self-realization, believed Marx. It is through the creation of polycentric class concerns, with the use of human reasons in understanding the nature, causes and source of exploitation as private ownership of the means of production that the workers can create for themselves, free from all type of exploitations. In Marx's concept of exploitation free world, there is no place for state and state powers and people are enlightened to govern them. This is nothing but Hindu concept   Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, perhaps lifted by him.

Communist regimes failed Marx. Perhaps Democrats are more Marxist than Stalin's Russia, Mao's China, Tito’s Yugoslavia, Ceausescu's Romania, Castro's Cuba or Hoxha's Albania. This is because, unlike these communist regimes, which used faction, conspiracy, massacres and bloody coup, Marx supported in engaging over the workforce through arguments. In The Communist Manifesto, Marx said that communists should not shape a separate political party different from other working-class parties and not set up the sectarian ideology of their own. If one were to observe this parameter, strictly it would debar all communist systems and most communist parties too.

The legacy of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam defines in totality to guide the political and moral doctrines of modern-democratic and secular society. All the branch of learning such as art, politics, moral values, literature, racial relations etc., has been influenced by its upshot. Enlightenment philosophers were the first and the most vocal ones to work for Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam knowingly or unknowingly that it was a Hindu concept and subsequently dignity of human rights. Before the arrival of such thinkers, in Europe, in the social hierarchy, men occupied positions by virtue of their birth. Enlightenment thinkers like J.S.Mill, Rousseau and Emmanuel Kant stressed the need for a change in the way people were governed. These ideas sowed the seeds of the idea of democracy in the United States, Western Europe, India and non-Islamic countries of Asia and Africa. Although Marxist thinkers denounced these democracies as "bourgeois democracies" because the democracies rejected Marxism but they were successful democracies, where the ballot and not the bullet decided the power and delivered enlightenment. 

Friedrich Engels (Marx's closest associate and analyst) said in 1895 that Marxists should understand killings, street battles and gunfights are not acceptable. Elections are the best system to achieve the enlightenment. The bullets, as the formula adopted by communists, cannot be allowed. This clearly promises loyalty to the elected voting system, which was for long rejected by recognized communist regimes in the name of the so-called bourgeois challenge to avert attention from class struggles. Actually, communists rejected Marx but adopted by capitalists.

Enlightenment also helped communism to grow. Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto in the 1840s, which was adopted by many governments. Ironically, communism was responsible for crushing democracies and human right. Erstwhile USSR and some east European countries and China adopted communism. However, baring China communism failed everywhere. Even the disintegration of USSR and East European countries were the result of cruelty and violation of human rights in the communist rule or not adhering to Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.

Besides political ideologies, struggle for human rights, the enlightenment thinkers were also responsible for big success in the field of psychoanalysis. For most of the modern psychoanalytical theories, credit goes to Sigmund Freud. However, Freud, Nietzsche and Marx who do not belong to the age of the enlightenment but they tried to implement the enlightenment legacy. Nevertheless, the contribution of Marx was unique as he advocated the right of common man.

Although Marx was a bitter critic of Hinduism, he very intelligently stole a number of ideas from Hinduism. Enlightenment is one such philosophy stolen by Marx from Hinduism. In Hinduism, this philosophy is named as Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.

Many of today's self-styled 'enlightened thinkers' have actually had little regard for the others' freedom of conscience and principal of autonomy that underpinned enlightenment thoughts. Actually, the concept of enlightenment thought was very strongly advocated in Hinduism in the form of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam. As mentioned, the concept of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam was first time discussed in "Hitopadesha" a collection of Sanskrit prose and verse, written by Narayan, in 12th century A.D.

 In the name of enlightenment, 'the notable shifts in the recent history of the world' as various accounts put it, has positively had its misuses, which use it from the pogrom to senseless consumerism. It now has an out-and-out army of self-styled activism.  Militant secularists, new secular atheists, human right champions, Non- Government Organizations, environment activists turned terrorists …each in turn, draw explanation from the logical emanations. In addition, each in their turn will deceive it. 

However, all these enlightened, from the obsessively anti-religious but obsessively, were pro-science. Marx pretended to follow scientific knowledge, but had become the prisoner of freedom itself, that vital enlightenment inclination has been recognized as the foe of the people.

Enlightenment thoughts of Marx and others continue, stand in denial to such oppressive, debilitating tendencies. Our freedom of ethics, to our freedom to choose, how to live - which often lies, ravaged. Lip service duly paid, he suggests some corrections. Marx's confused and beguiled argument, smuggled under enlightened grab, is not distinctive. We are not rational a persistently erratic set of barely aware interest, neither can we trust ourselves, nor can we be trusted. However, enlightenment cannot be separated from the social struggles underpinning its triumph at the end of the eightieth century, so its degeneration - the 'destruction of reason' as one thinker was to call it - cannot be separated from the history of bourgeois reaction that succeeded it.

The Communist Manifesto was appropriated and claimed to be adopted by Stalin and others of his breed. Consequently, all the crimes and sins of these leaders were shifted to Marx, as if he was the original sinner and their teacher-mentor. Even a scholar of John Maynard Keynes's fame lost his scholarly strength on account of the wrongs of these communist dictators and criticized Marx in a very violent way.

For example, he compared Marx's Capital to the Koran as being "dreary and out of date".  (Dipankar Gupta, idem)

He does not include the Bible in that category, giving the notion that the Christian holy book rests much higher than Islamic senseless sermonizing and Marx himself was a Christian. He further wrote that Bolshevism was a result of the "strange disposition of Slavs and Jews". Marx excites hate because Stalin, Lenin Mao, Castro and such like, swore in his name.

"Marx never knew Stalin, Mao or others like them and yet their errors are heaped on Marx's grave; a clear case of the sins of the sons visiting their father." ( Dipankar Gupta, idem)

1-M. Horkheimer and T. Adorno, Dialectic of Enlightenment, (Stanford).
2-Feenberg and Leiss, The Essential Marcuse, (Beacon).
3-J. Habermas, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, (MIT).
4-Writings of the Young Marx on Politics and Philosophy, edited by L. Easton and K. Guddat, (Doubleday).
5-Hitopadesha. (Hitopadesha is a collection of Sanskrit fables in prose and verse. According to the author of Hitopadesha, Narayana, the main purpose of creating the Hitopadesha is to instruct young minds the philosophy of life in an easy way so that they are able to grow into responsible adults. It is almost similar to the Panchatantra. The whole philosophy of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam is an integral part of the Hindu Philosophy.)
7-The Hindu, Chennai, India.
8-The Speaking Tree, The Times of India, New Delhi.
9-The Times of India.
10-  Google.
11-  Wikipedia.

Sunday, 16 September 2018

Cries of a Child

Baby is crying,
Call back my Mummy,
The only thing he asks,
That actually melts all.
It is the one and only demand;
I have no answer,
Nor reasonable nor sound;
I bend my head in abhorrence,
"I have no answer,"
Under the violent sun,
There is no love,
To replace a yelling mummy,
Even rainbows, moon and stars,
Cannot deck a simple seed,
Maybe he gets,
 All life's pleasure,
"But who will take you to school,
When you don't want to go."
I shiver with the thought,
Under a violet sky,
His mummy was separated,
By the callus transfer by bank.